Data about Troyan Municipality

History:

The archaeological excavations made so far, indicate that the area, on which is located Troyan municipality, was inhabited from the Paleolithic. During the Bronze Age Thracians settled along the Azamus River (Osam). From this period are found many ceramic and bronze vessels, iron weapons, jewelery.

The next significant period in the development of the region is connected with the transformation of the Bulgarian lands into a Roman province. The remains of the Roman road “Via Traiana” (2-5 century AD) connecting the Danube river and the Aegean Sea are dated from this time. The same goes for the security structures built along its length - the fortress “Sostra” (on the territory of today's village Lomets) and the roadside stations “Ad Raditses” (area of ‘’Shamaka", v. Beli Osam) and “Montemno” (area “Beklemeto” , Troyan pass).

The traces of the road built by Emperor Trajan are lost into the oblivion of the past centuries, but the inhabitants of the lands on both sides of the mountain made the Troyan  path, which precedes the construction of the Troyan pass - the highest mountain pass in Bulgaria.

In  15 century Troyan was found as a roadside settlement at the beginning of the Troyan Pass. There are many hypotheses about the origin of its name – some of them lead it back to the name of an ancient Slavic god, according to the others Troyan is named after the Roman emperor Trajan, who left significant constructions in this region.

At the beginning of the Ottoman rule Bulgarians from the Danubian plain, Chiprovtsi, Berkovitsa Razlog and Ohrid settled on these lands. During the first half of 19th century, different crafts flourished in Troyan. Perhaps, the most important of them was pottery making, which gradually contributed to the creation of the unique Troyan ceramic school.

In the early 19th century, the rural community several times became a victim of Kardzhali attacks. This fact and the numerous difficulties and obstacles created by the Turkish rulers didn’t stop the local population from manifesting its awakening Balkan spirit and Troyan quickly established itself not only as a craft center, but also as a local settlement of education and culture – last, but not at least thanks to the decisive role of the nearby Troyan monastery “Assumption of the Holy Virgin Mary”. In 1871, Vasil Levski founded a secret revolutionary committee in the monastery. In 1877, at the height of the Russian-Turkish War for liberation, Troyan was burned down by retreating Turkish troops.

In the years after the Liberation, Troyan became a prosperous Balkan town, which not only preserves and develops the traditions inherited from the past, but also establishes as a national center of crafts, woodworking and furniture production, pharmacy, etc.

 

Geography:

Troyan Municipality is located in Northern Bulgaria at the foot of Stara Planina - 36 km. south of  Lovech, 160 km. northeast of Sofia, 120 km. north of Plovdiv and about 300 km. from the Black Sea coast. The favorable geographic location has created conditions for establishing good transport links with the rest of the country via the road and railway network.

The town of Troyan is the administrative center of the homonymous municipality of 21 settlements, with a total area of about 893 sq. km. The national census made in 2015 indicates that the population of the municipality is just over 30,000, with about 20,000 people living in the town. About 85% of the inhabitants identify themselves as Bulgarians, relatively small are the Turkish and Roma ethnicities.

The climate is moderate -continental, with pronounced mountain influence, rain above the country average and long-lasting snow cover. All this, together with the existence of several snow trucks, creates wonderful conditions for skiing in the nearby winter resort “Beklemeto”.

The territory of Troyan municipality falls into the catchment areas of three rivers - Osam (about 80% of the municipality's area), Yantra and Vit. This, together with the availability of hot mineral springs in the villages of Shipkovo and Chiflik and the Sopot Dam, creates favorable conditions for complete recreation and practicing of various water sports.

There are two natural reserves on the territory of the municipality, which are part of Central Balkan National Park - Biospheric Reserve “Steneto” and Natural Reserve “Kozya Stena” (announced as a reserve for the purpose to preserve edelweiss and more than 40 other rare plants). The variety of the relief and the diversity of prevailing deciduous trees as oak, maple, ash, hornbeam, poplar and beech create favorable life conditions for  a number of animal species such as deer, Roe deer, wild boar, bears, wild goats, wolves, over 200 species of birds, insects and reptiles.

Troyan Municipality offers wonderful opportunities for cultural tourism –there are numerous architectural, ethnographic and historical landmarks, a monastery with national and international popularity and churches, dated from the National Revival, well-preserved traditions and handicrafts, interesting religious and secular holidays and festivals.

 

Curious facts:

  • Troyan is the birthplace of a number of outstanding Bulgarians - the first Bulgarian sociologist Ivan Hadzhiyski, the philosopher prof. Tsocho Boyadzhiev, the caricaturist Milko Dikov, the TV host Sasho Dikov, the actress Anya Pencheva and many others.
  • The ancient road Via Trayana, passing through the municipality, is the longest Roman road.
  • In 1868 Troyan was officially announced a town.
  • In 1871 Vasil Levski set up the unique for the whole country monks’ revolutionary committee in the Troyan Monastery.
  • Only two public buildings survived in 1877 when the town was burned down and devastated by the turks - the church "St. Paraskeva-Petka"and the old Turkish administative center (called Konak). Today it houses the “Vazrazhdane”(revival) exposition of the Museum of Crafts.
  • On 05.07.1905 a Specialized Hospital for Active Treatment of Pulmonary Diseases was established in Troyan as an anti-tuberculosis sanatorium. It is the first specialized pulmonary disease hospital on the Balkan Peninsula.
  • In 1911 the first electric bulb lights here and Troyan becomes the third electrified city in Bulgaria (after Sofia and Plovdiv).
  • There are several parks in the city: Central park, park near the National School for Applied Arts “Prof. Venko Kolev”, park “Kapincho”, parks in the residential neighborhoods “Lagat” and “Mladost”.
  • There are two unique schools for the country - the National High School for Applied Arts “Prof. Venko Kolev ” (Troyan) and the only Bulgarian school for mountain guides - “Vasil Levski” High School in the village of Cherni Osam.
  • You can visit three destinations, which are part of 100 national tourist sites of Bulgaria - the Museum of Crafts (Troyan), The Natural History Museum in the village of Cherni Osam and  The Troyan Monastery “Assumption of Holy Virgin Mary”.
  • The unique for the country National exhibition of art and crafts is situated in the village of Oreshak.It is open 365 days a year.
  • The temperature of the mineral springs in Chiflic and Shipkovo varies between 18° to 57° C, so the warm mineral pools can be used even in the winter.
  • The monks from the Troyan monastery use more than 100 herbs, when prepare their special plum brandy in a secret recipe.
  • There are about 300 registered furniture companies in the municipality.
  • The best biathlon track in Bulgaria is in the "Beklemeto" resort.

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